The hand’s joints are all fully posable with each individual finger and the thumb being able to move as well as make a fist. The functionality of the hand allows its user to do simple everyday tasks such as picking up items, eating using a knife and fork, typing, clicking a mouse, or opening doors. It can even play rock-paper-scissors.
But what also makes the prototype limb standout is its cost. The students built the hand for just £307 ($430) and reckon they can make it even less expensively. In comparison an advanced robotic prosthetic limb can start at approximately £25,000 ($35,000), going up to £60,000 ($85,000) if bought privately. More affordable robotic hands with just basic multi-grip functionality still start at £3,000 ($4,200).
The design won “best new development” in the Digital Innovation Challenge at the recent Industry 4.0 Summit and Factories of the Future Expo which was held at Manchester Central, in Manchester. Industry 4.0 is the term given to what some regard as the fourth industrial revolution.
The hand is the brainchild (and a final year Mechanical Engineering Master’s) of Alex Agboola-Dobson and his team – lead electrical engineer Sebastian Preston-Jensen, lead software engineer Panagiotis Papathanasiou and mechanical and software engineers Maximillian Rimmer and Shao Hian Liew.
According to the NHS around 6,000 major limb amputations are carried out each year in the UK alone. None-robotic Prosthetic Limbs available on the NHS are either purely cosmetic, whilst other more functional ones are simple plastic-molded limbs with hooks. This was also another inspiration for the team’s futuristic, but life like design.
“Not only do we want to make it affordable, we want people to actually like the look of it and not be ashamed or embarrassed of using or wearing it. Some traditional prosthetics can both look and feel cumbersome or, those that don’t, are extremely expensive. We think our design really can make a difference and we will be looking to commercialize the project in the future,” says Agboola-Dobson.
Connectivity is another key advantage of their design as it comes with blue tooth connection and an Android app for a smartphone. The hand is controlled by muscle sensors placed on the wearer’s arm that can be paired to the app, which was also designed by the group.
“The functionality is customised through the phone app, but the muscle sensors provide the control by moving the hand whenever necessary. It is really simple to use,” Agboola-Dobson says.
The actual manufacturing of the hand is by a type of 3D printing called stereolithography (SLA) printing, which uses a high quality resin plastic for production. Eventually the team are aiming to move to fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printing, which will make the hand even less expensive to produce, but will not lose any of its quality.
Dr. Carl Diver, from the School of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Civil Engineering, says: “We are really delighted for them, it was a great experience for them to pitch their idea in front of a panel of experts and the prize money will help them develop the idea further. This will be a great addition to their CV. We are very excited to see what the future holds for this group and their innovative creation.”